Needle Roller Manufacturers History and Evolution

Needle Roller Manufacturer – it has been 60 years since this handy machine has come into being, and although there are developments in its mechanism with passing the time, it is still ‘rolling.’ Typically, the roller in an ordinary bearing is just a little longer than its diameter.


Still, in needle roller bearing, each of the needle rollers is almost four times in length than its diameter, which is the reason that these bearings have larger surface area touching the inner and outer races, as a result of which, they are more efficient in supporting more load, as compared to other kinds bearings like, ordinary roller bearings and ball bearings.

This is precisely the reason design engineers usually prefer that roller bearing. Needle Roller is majorly used in automotive and industrial power transmission apparatuses, involving engines, pumps, and any machinery that depends upon rotating mechanisms.

Needle Roller Manufacturers produce the bearings with steel, plastic, and aluminum casting of cages and the other components that comprise a bearing. There are various designs of these bearings, of which, here we will discuss the caged needle roller bearings.

Types of Needle Rollers

Typically, any needle roller exporters of the following components, the inner shaft, a cage of needles (basically a ring with spaces cut into it for the rollers), the needle rollers and the outer race junction. Although Industrial roller bearings are manufactured in various kinds of designs, there are four main types:

  • Caged Needle Roller Bearings
  • Drawn-Cup Needle Roller Bearings
  • Precision Race Needle Roller Bearings
  • Thrust Needle Roller Bearings

Evolutionary Steps of the Needle Roller Bearing

The caged needle roller bearing was invented back in 1949, towards the last part of the World War II, by Schaeffler brothers, Dr. George and Wilhelm of The Schaeffler Group. Back then, the full complement Industrial bearings were in widespread use. The main disadvantage of this type was that, in high-speed mechanisms, these roller bearings tended to distort and thus increase the overall apparatus's frictional heat. Also, in the case of narrow clearance space, the rolling elements often got stuck or locked, creating more friction and so, reducing the efficiency.

These problems were overcome when caged needle bearings were invented. The needle rollers rotate axially in the cage, thus efficient in high-speed mechanisms, reduces friction, while also being resilient. The cages that hold the roller bearing are of various types, single-split (where the needles would be separate and evenly spaced throughout), split-halves (where there would be space for a pair of needles spaced evenly throughout the cage), half-shell type, solid cages, single-split with diagonal spring bar links. 

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the cage's design was under constant improvement, focusing on the reduction of overall size, easy-to-lubricate designs (e.g., precessed cages). The various improvements to the basic design have led the static load capacity up to almost 25% and even double for dynamic load capacity. 

The basic design provided by the inventors still stands today, more or less, in spite of a lot of developments over 60 years to adapt the bearings with the changing times and rapidly increasing demands from every corner of the automotive, industrial and other machinery spheres. 

The caged Needle roller bearings have also played an essential role in making smaller vehicles that have added efficiency and are more economical. There are over 15000 variations of the roller bearings being manufactured by the Bearing roller exporters. 

You may like to read on Comprehensive Design Process by Needle Roller Exporters